PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESMENT (PISA) AS READING LITERACY STANDARD: CRITICAL THINKING SKILL IS PRIORITY
Sri Katoningsih, Ilham Sunaryo
Reading literacy is an understanding applying, reflecting and engaging process with written texts to achieve goals, develop the knowledge and participate of society. The ability to think critically is an important ability for students because it can connect the gap between the problems taught at school and learning process. The ability to think critically can help in solving problems properly and appropriately. The research aims to analyze PISA as reading literacy standards can improve critical thinking. This research’s a quantitative descriptive research. So, the process of data analysis it can be valid and can be described precisely and completely qualitatively. Data collected through observation and questionnaires. This study was carried out by taking a sample of the ability of class XI children in SMA N Semarang. The population is 16 SMA N Semarang. The sample of this research is taken by random, each school consists of two classes. The type of data collected is in the form of quantitative data which are described qualitatively. Data was collected through interviews and questionnaires to see the extent of the student’s critical thinking skills. Data were analyzed through the critical thinking skills aspects, those are collecting information, conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information, experience, reflection, reasoning, and communication, and also PISA indicators are locating information, understand, evaluate and reflect. The research results indicate that the critical thinking skill is still weak when it was analyzed using the PISA indicators. The ways to increase the critical thinking skills is applied the PISA indicators. PISA indicators more effective to separate the information and detail to collect the information. Because of it, the critical thinking skills student is optimally increased.
PISA, Reading Literacy, Critical Thinking